Spectroscopy of Radiostrontium in Fuel Materials Retrieved from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

Health Phys. 2021 Apr 1;120(4):378-386. doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000001349.

Abstract

Some basic methods of measuring radiostrontium activity by spectroscopic methods are considered in this study. These methods of assessing beta spectra and the characteristic radiation that accompanies the breakdown of radiostrontium are described. The sensitivity of these methods based on the assessments of beta spectra both after radiochemical procedures and without radiochemistry is presented. The objective of this paper is to review the spectroscopic procedures that have been developed and used to determine radiostrontium in various matrices; they are focused on modern methods. Samples of fuel particles of different origins, obtained from the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Unit 4, were analyzed using the methods presented in this study.

MeSH terms

  • Chernobyl Nuclear Accident*
  • Nuclear Power Plants*
  • Spectrum Analysis