Carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1) expressed in T cells may regulate immune responses in the gut. In addition to T cells, B cells are also an important population in the gut-associated lymphoid tissues that orchestrate mucosal homeostasis. However, the role of CEACAM1 in B cells has not been elucidated. We herein analyzed mature B cells to determine the functions of CEACAM1. Flow cytometry revealed high expression of CEACAM1 on B cells in secondary lymphoid tissues. Cytokine production induced by activation of B cell receptor (BCR) signaling was suppressed by CEACAM1 signaling in contrast to that associated with either Toll-like receptor 4 or CD40 signaling. Confocal microscopy revealed co-localization of CEACAM1 and BCR when activated with anti-Igμ F(ab')2 fragment. Overexpression of CEACAM1 in a murine B cell line, A20, resulted in reduced expressions of activation surface markers with decreased Ca2+ influx after BCR signal activation. Overexpression of CEACAM1 suppressed BCR signal cascade in A20 cells in association with decreased spontaneous proliferation. Our results suggest that CEACAM1 can regulate BCR-mediated mature B cell activation in lymphoid tissues. Therefore, further studies of this molecule may lead to greater insights into the mechanisms of immune responses within peripheral tissues and the potential treatment of inflammatory diseases.
Keywords: B cells; BCR signaling; CEACAM1; Lymphoid tissues; Spontaneous proliferation.
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