Differential Diagnosis of Central Neurocytoma: Two Cases

J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2021 Nov;82(6):599-603. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1718693. Epub 2020 Dec 22.


Central neurocytoma are rare primary brain tumors of the young and middle-aged adult, typically located in the lateral ventricles. Diagnosis has historically been difficult due to histomorphologic similarities to oligodendroglioma and ependymal tumors and remains a challenge even today. We present two cases of intraventricular central neurocytoma in which careful consideration of the clinical and radiological findings led to reevaluation of the preliminary histological interpretation, highlighting the importance of a meticulous differential diagnosis.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Brain Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Humans
  • Lateral Ventricles
  • Middle Aged
  • Neurocytoma* / diagnostic imaging
  • Neurocytoma* / surgery
  • Oligodendroglioma* / diagnosis