Pectin is natural biopolymer derived from various plant sources and its activity is driven by functional groups. Affinity of pectin and chemical interactions of the active sites to chemicals in media determines fate of adjuvant molecules. Pectin is appropriate co-polymer in modulation of drawbacks of other biopolymers such as low glass transition temperature, low water solubility, and susceptibility to human digestive tract. However, functionality of pectin is improved by its optimized complexation with other chemicals especially in food packaging and tissue engineering. In the last decade, several technical and health-related functions of pectin have been studied through which some products designed and marketed progressively. Pectin-based formulations were commercialized in food, medicine, and radioprotection sectors. It is also advised for alleviation of constipation symptoms. Cost-effectiveness of this multifunctional biopolymer compared to the others that are currently used, has introduced it as a potential alternative for the next years.
Keywords: Food; Metal availability; Nutrition; Pectin; Radioprotection; Therapeutic purpose; Tissue scaffold.
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