Virtual reality for COPD rehabilitation: a technological perspective

Pulmonology. 2022 Mar-Apr;28(2):119-133. doi: 10.1016/j.pulmoe.2020.11.010. Epub 2020 Dec 23.


Virtual Reality (VR) is a promising technology for implementing personalized, motivating and controlled rehabilitation scenarios. Although its clear potential benefits, VR has been poorly investigated in pulmonary rehabilitation. This review analyses the state of the art, by searching the scientific and grey literature, regarding the use of VR for the rehabilitation of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, providing a technological perspective. First, the main characteristics of the included systems are presented in terms of visualization devices, way of interaction and type of feedback they provide. Then, results of the selected studies are reported considering feasibility, safety, usability and user experience as outcomes. Finally, the main findings are discussed and future directions for research are outlined.

Keywords: COPD; Rehabilitation; Virtual reality; eHealth.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive* / rehabilitation
  • Technology
  • Virtual Reality*