Background: To investigate the effect of unilateral internal iliac artery (IIA) embolization for endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) on gluteal muscle size.
Methods: We assessed the gluteal muscle size in 111 consecutive patients who underwent elective EVAR with unilateral IIA embolization (n = 31) or without IIA embolization (n = 80) for abdominal aortic and/or iliac artery aneurysm. The cross-sectional area (CSA) of the gluteus maximus (Gmax) and gluteus medius/minimus (Gmed/min) was measured on computed tomography preoperatively, 6 months postoperatively, and final follow-up. Mean changes in the Gmax and Gmed/min CSA were evaluated using a mixed model analysis of variance.
Results: In the patients with embolization, both the Gmax and Gmed/min CSA significantly decreased over time on the embolization and nonembolization sides (P < 0.001); however, embolization did not affect the changes in the Gmax CSA (P = 0.64) and Gmed/min CSA (P = 0.99). In the patients with embolization and those without embolization, both the Gmax and Gmed/min CSA significantly decreased over time (P < 0.001); however, embolization did not affect the changes in the Gmax CSA (P = 0.76) and Gmed/min CSA (P = 0.11).
Conclusions: Unilateral IIA embolization was not associated with gluteal muscle atrophy after EVAR. Pre-emptive unilateral IIA embolization for EVAR seems to be an acceptable procedure in terms of maintenance of gluteal muscle size.
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