The spectrum of inherited arrhythmogenic diseases (IADs) includes disorders without overt structural abnormalities (i.e. primary inherited arrhythmia syndromes) and structural heart diseases (i.e. arrhythmogenic ventricular cardiomyopathy, hypertrophic cardiomyopathy). The aim of this European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) survey was to evaluate current clinical practice and adherence to 2015 European Society of Cardiology Guidelines regarding the management of patients with IADs. A 24-item centre-based online questionnaire was presented to the EHRA Research Network Centres and the European Cardiac Arrhythmia Genetics Focus Group members. There were 46 responses from 20 different countries. The survey revealed that 37% of centres did not have any dedicated unit focusing on patients with IADs. Provocative drug challenges were widely used to rule-out Brugada syndrome (BrS) (91% of centres), while they were used in a minority of centres during the diagnostic assessment of long-QT syndrome (11%), early repolarization syndrome (12%), or catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (18%). While all centres advised family clinical screening with electrocardiograms for all first-degree family members of patients with IADs, genetic testing was advised in family members of probands with positive genetic testing by 33% of centres. Sudden cardiac death risk stratification was straightforward and in line with current guidelines for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, while it was controversial for other diseases (i.e. BrS). Finally, indications for ventricular mapping and ablation procedures in BrS were variable and not in agreement with current guidelines in up to 54% of centres.
Keywords: Cardiomyopathies; EHRA survey; Genetic heart disease; Inherited arrhythmogenic diseases; Inherited primary arrhythmia syndromes; Sudden cardiac arrest; Sudden cardiac death.
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