The quality of care is related to death rates: hospital inpatient management of infants with acute gastroenteritis in Jamaica

Am J Public Health. 1988 Feb;78(2):149-52. doi: 10.2105/ajph.78.2.149.


The quality of care of random samples of about 40 infants admitted with acute gastroenteritis to each of five hospitals in Jamaica was assessed. Low levels of adherence to consensus care criteria appeared to be correlated with high levels of hospital-specific severity standardized mortality ratios X100 (SSMRs); poor adherence, SSMR 127-230; intermediate adherence, SSMR 95; good adherence, SSMR 14. The main deficiencies in care at certain hospitals were: non-weighing of infants, incomplete physical examination, inadequate estimation of fluid requirements, and irregular recording of fluid intake. To improve the effective care of infants with gastroenteritis, a quality assurance program is required.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Child, Preschool
  • Dehydration / mortality
  • Dehydration / therapy
  • Gastroenteritis / mortality*
  • Gastroenteritis / therapy
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Jamaica
  • Quality of Health Care*