Surface Nanostructuring during Selective Area Epitaxy of Heterostructures with InGaAs QWs in the Ultra-Wide Windows

Nanomaterials (Basel). 2020 Dec 23;11(1):11. doi: 10.3390/nano11010011.


Selective area epitaxy (SAE) is widely used in photonic integrated circuits, but there is little information on the use of this technique for the growth of heterostructures in ultra-wide windows. Samples of heterostructures with InGaAs quantum wells (QWs) on GaAs (100) substrates with a pattern of alternating stripes (100-μm-wide SiO2 mask/100-μm-wide window) were grown using metalorganic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD). It was found that due to a local change in the growth rate of InGaAs QW in the window, the photoluminescence (PL) spectra measured from the edge to the center of the window exhibited maximum blueshifts of 14 and 19 meV at temperatures of 80 K and 300 K, respectively. Using atomic force microscopy, we have demonstrated that the surface morphologies of structures grown using standard epitaxy or SAE under identical MOCVD growth conditions correspond to a step flow growth with a step height of ~1.5 ML or a step bunching growth mode, respectively. In the structures grown with the use of SAE, a strong variation in the surface morphology in an ultra-wide window from its center to the edge was revealed, which is explained by a change in the local misorientation of the layer due to a local change in the growth rate over the width of the window.

Keywords: InGaAs; MOCVD; atomic force microscopy; photoluminescence; quantum wells; selective area epitaxy; selective area growth; semiconductors.