Technique failure in remote patient monitoring program in patients undergoing automated peritoneal dialysis: A retrospective cohort study

Perit Dial Int. 2022 May;42(3):288-296. doi: 10.1177/0896860820982223. Epub 2020 Dec 31.


Background: Remote patient monitoring (RPM) programs in automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) allow clinical teams to be aware of many aspects and events of the therapy that occur in the home. The present study evaluated the association between RPM use and APD technique failure.

Methods: A retrospective, multicentre, observational cohort study of 558 prevalent adult APD patients included between 1 October 2016 and 30 June 2017 with follow-up until 30 June 2018 at Renal Therapy Services network in Colombia. Patients were divided into two cohorts based on the RPM use: APD-RPM (n = 148) and APD-without RPM (n = 410). Sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of all patients were summarized descriptively. A propensity score was used to create a pseudo-population in which the baseline covariates were well balanced. The association of RPM with technique failure was estimated adjusting for the competing events death and kidney transplant.

Results: Five hundred fifty-eight patients were analyzed. 26.5% had APD-RPM. In the matched sample comprising 148 APD-RPM and 148 APD-without RPM patients, we observed a lower technique failure rate of 0.08 [0.05-0.15] episodes per patient-year in APD-RPM versus 0.18 [0.12-0.26] in APD-without RPM cohort; incidence rate ratio = 0.45 95% confidence interval: [0.22-0.91], p-value = 0.03.

Conclusions: The use of an RPM program in APD patients may be associated with a lower technique failure rate. More extensive and interventional studies are needed to confirm its potential benefits and to measure other patient-centered outcomes.

Keywords: Clinical outcomes; peritoneal dialysis; remote patient monitoring; technique failure; telemedicine.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic* / diagnosis
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic* / therapy
  • Male
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / methods
  • Peritoneal Dialysis* / methods
  • Retrospective Studies