Bioavailable gluconate chelated stannous fluoride toothpaste meta-analyses: Effects on dentine hypersensitivity and enamel erosion

J Dent. 2021 Feb;105:103566. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2020.103566. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Abstract

Objectives: To compare the effect of bioavailable gluconate-chelated stannous fluoride (SnF2) toothpaste with control toothpastes for treatment of dentine hypersensitivity (DH) and enamel erosion.

Data and sources: A Procter & Gamble Oral Care archive of clinical studies was reviewed from 2000 to 2020. Eligible studies were Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) investigating bioavailable gluconate-chelated SnF2 toothpaste efficacy compared to controls in adult participants measured following tactile (Yeaple force) and/or evaporative stimuli (Schiff score) in-vivo, duration <2 months (DH); or by erosive toothwear (profilometry) from in-situ samples, duration 10-15 days. Two authors independently assessed eligibility and resolved disagreements by discussion. A meta-analysis was undertaken and Risk of Bias (RoB) assessed using the Cochrane collaboration RoB tool for randomized parallel-group and cross-over trials.

Results: Fourteen RCTs (1287 participants) assessed DH relief and Six RCTs (184 participants) enamel erosion protection. For DH SnF2 toothpastes provided a 57 % (evaporative air) and 142 % (tactile) benefit versus negative controls (sodium fluoride/monofluorophosphate, 8 studies; p < 0.001). Compared to positive controls (potassium nitrate or arginine, 6 studies), a 22 % advantage (p = 0.036) was seen for evaporative air. In erosion studies, SnF2 toothpastes provided an 83 % benefit versus control toothpastes (arginine or sodium fluoride; p < 0.001) with a change (95 %CI) in average surface profilometry level (μm) of -2.02(-2.85, -1.20).

Conclusions: The use of these bioavailable SnF2 toothpastes, as part of a daily oral hygiene regimen, will provide patients with enamel erosion protection, combined with alleviation of DH pain when present, improving quality of life.

Keywords: Dentifrices; Dentine hypersensitivity; Meta-analysis; Pain; Stannous fluoride; Tooth erosion.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Dental Enamel
  • Dentin Desensitizing Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Dentin Sensitivity* / drug therapy
  • Fluorides / therapeutic use
  • Gluconates
  • Humans
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Sodium Fluoride / therapeutic use
  • Tin Fluorides / therapeutic use
  • Tooth Erosion* / drug therapy
  • Tooth Erosion* / prevention & control
  • Toothpastes / therapeutic use
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Dentin Desensitizing Agents
  • Gluconates
  • Tin Fluorides
  • Toothpastes
  • Sodium Fluoride
  • Fluorides