Glomerular involvement in children with H syndrome

Pediatr Nephrol. 2021 Mar;36(3):721-724. doi: 10.1007/s00467-020-04860-5. Epub 2021 Jan 2.


Background: H syndrome is a multisystem inflammatory disease caused by mutations in the SLC29A3 gene (OMIM #602782). The protein product, hENT3, is a nucleoside transporter essential for DNA salvage synthesis. Clinical manifestations are hyperpigmentation, hypertrichosis, hepatosplenomegaly, hearing loss, heart anomalies, hypogonadism, short stature, skeletal deformities, and diabetes mellitus. Laboratory findings are consistent with inflammatory processes. Structural kidney anomalies have been described in 6% of patients.

Case reports: Three family members with genetically diagnosed H syndrome (c.1279G>A, p.Gly427Ser). Two of them presented with hypoalbuminemia and nephrotic range proteinuria. Kidney ultrasound was normal. Kidney biopsy performed in one patient presenting with generalized peripheral pitting edema revealed membranous nephropathy. Different treatments including ACE inhibitors, corticosteroids, and immunomodulatory agents failed to improve the clinical outcome.

Conclusions: Generalized peripheral pitting edema and glomerulopathy broaden the clinical spectrum of H syndrome. Periodic bloodwork and urinalysis are recommended.

Keywords: Children; H syndrome; Membranous nephropathy; Proteinuria; SLC29A3; hENT3.

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Contracture*
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural*
  • Histiocytosis*
  • Humans
  • Immunomodulating Agents
  • Nucleoside Transport Proteins / genetics


  • Immunomodulating Agents
  • Nucleoside Transport Proteins
  • SLC29A3 protein, human

Supplementary concepts

  • Histiocytosis with joint contractures and sensorineural deafness