Impact of pharmacist-led program on knowledge of college students about pre-exposure prophylaxis

J Am Pharm Assoc (2003). Mar-Apr 2021;61(2):206-212.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.japh.2020.11.019. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Abstract

Objective: This study's primary objective was to evaluate the impact of a pharmacist-led educational program on undergraduate college students' knowledge about PrEP.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional, pre- and postprogram survey study. The study included undergraduate students at least 18 years old at a university in Washington, DC. Graduate students, pharmacy students, and those not enrolled at the university were excluded. Before the educational program, the participants completed an anonymous preprogram survey to assess their perception and knowledge of HIV prevention and PrEP as well as their willingness to obtain a prescription for PrEP. A pharmacist delivered a 30-minute educational program to students regarding HIV prevention and PrEP in small groups. After the program, the participants completed a postprogram survey to evaluate the changes from the baseline responses. Paired t tests and chi-square tests detected the associations between the pre- and postprogram surveys.

Results: One-hundred sixteen students participated in the program, and 102 surveys were included in the data analysis. Students' perception of their knowledge of HIV (4.2 vs. 4.6; P < 0.001), perception of their knowledge of PrEP (3.1 vs. 4.5; P < 0.001), and their willingness to obtain a prescription for PrEP (3.8 vs. 4.5; P < 0.001) was statistically significant after the education. There was a statistically significant increase in the participants' actual knowledge of HIV risk factors (62.4% correct vs. 90.2% correct; P < 0.001) and knowledge of PrEP effectiveness (26.3% vs. 75.0%; P < 0.001).

Conclusion: These findings demonstrated that a pharmacist-led educational program may have an impact on undergraduate students' perception and knowledge of HIV and PrEP. This study may help to further guide pharmacists' PrEP initiatives in this targeted population.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Anti-HIV Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • HIV Infections* / drug therapy
  • HIV Infections* / prevention & control
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Pharmacists
  • Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis*
  • Students, Pharmacy*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires

Substances

  • Anti-HIV Agents