Infant and child mortality in Bangladesh

J Biosoc Sci. 1988 Jan;20(1):59-65. doi: 10.1017/s0021932000017259.

Abstract

PIP: Socioeconomic differences and trends in infant and child mortality in Bangladesh are examined using data from the 1975 World Fertility Survey and 1979 Contraceptive Prevalence Survery. There is evidence of some recent decline in infant mortality and child mortality. Logit analysis of infant and child mortality indicates that sociodemographic variables such as mother's education, recent period, or higher birth orders, has significant independent effects upon the reduction of infant and child mortality. Other variables such as fetal loss, father's education, or land ownership had no consistent significant effect. On the other hand the effect of urban residence on infant and child mortality was positive after the control of sociodemographic variables. Mere concentration on the supply of modern medical services may bring limited returns unless they are reinforced by appropriate social changes, in particular those affecting the socioeconomic status of women. Educated mothers are likely to belong to higher income households, have better knowledge of how to care for children, and can bring more resources to the care of a sick child.

MeSH terms

  • Bangladesh
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Mortality*
  • Male
  • Mortality*
  • Sex Factors
  • Socioeconomic Factors