Current status of trauma surgery at a Japanese prefectural academic institute: improved organization in a regional prefecture

Surg Today. 2021 Jun;51(6):1001-1009. doi: 10.1007/s00595-020-02196-z. Epub 2021 Jan 3.

Abstract

Purposes: Balancing scheduled surgery and trauma surgery is difficult with a limited number of surgeons. To address the issues and systematize education, we analyzed the current situation and the effectiveness of having a trauma team in the ER of a regional hospital.

Methods: This retrospective study analyzed the demographics, traumatic variables, procedures, postoperative morbidities, and outcomes of 110 patients who underwent trauma surgery between 2012 and 2019. The trauma team was established in 2016 and our university hospital Emergency Room (ER) opened in 2012.

Results: Blunt trauma accounted for 82% of the trauma injuries and 39% of trauma victims were transported from local centers to our institute. The most frequently injured organs were in the digestive tract and about half of the interventions were for hemostatic surgery alone. Concomitant treatments for multiple organ injuries were performed in 31% of the patients. The rates of postoperative severe complications (over Clavien-Dindo IIIb) and mortality were 10% and 13%, respectively. Fourteen (12.7%) of 24 patients who underwent damage-control surgery died, with multiple organ injury being the predominant cause of death.

Conclusion: Systematic education or training of medical students and general surgeons, as well as the co-operation of the team at the regional academic institute, are necessary to overcome the limited human resources and save trauma patients.

Keywords: Education and training; Trauma surgery; Trauma team.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Cause of Death
  • Child
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Emergency Service, Hospital / trends*
  • Female
  • Hospital Planning / organization & administration*
  • Hospital Planning / statistics & numerical data*
  • Hospital Planning / trends*
  • Humans
  • Japan / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Trauma / mortality
  • Patient Care Team*
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Surgeons / education
  • Surgeons / supply & distribution
  • Surgery Department, Hospital / statistics & numerical data*
  • Surgery Department, Hospital / trends*
  • Wounds and Injuries / epidemiology*
  • Wounds and Injuries / mortality
  • Wounds and Injuries / surgery*
  • Young Adult