Efficacy and safety of iloprost in trauma patients with haemorrhagic shock-induced endotheliopathy-Protocol for the multicentre randomized, placebo-controlled, blinded, investigator-initiated shine-trauma trial

Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 2021 Apr;65(4):551-557. doi: 10.1111/aas.13776. Epub 2021 Jan 11.


Background: Traumatic injury accounts for 800 000 deaths in the European Union annually. The main causes of deaths in trauma patients are exsanguination and multiple organ failure (MOF). We have studied >1000 trauma patients and identified shock-induced endotheliopathy (SHINE), the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for MOF and high mortality. Pilot studies indicate that low-dose iloprost (1 ng/kg/min) improves endothelial functionality in critically ill patients suggesting this intervention may improve patient outcome in traumatic SHINE.

Material and methods: This is a multicentre, randomized, blinded clinical investigator-initiated phase 2B trial in trauma patients with haemorrhagic shock-induced endotheliopathy. Patients are randomized 1:1 to 72 hours infusion of iloprost 1 ng/kg/min or Placebo (equal volume of saline). A total of 220 trauma patients will be included. The primary endpoint is the number of intensive care unit (ICU)-free days, within 28 days of admission. Secondary endpoints include 28- and 90-day all-cause mortality, hospital length of stay, vasopressor-free days in the intensive care unit (ICU) within 28 days, ventilator-free days in the ICU within 28 days, renal replacement-free days in the ICU within 28 days, number of serious adverse reactions and serious adverse events within the first 4 days of admission.

Discussion: This trial will test the safety and efficacy of administration of iloprost vs placebo for 72 hours in trauma patients with haemorrhagic shock-induced endotheliopathy. Trial endpoints focus on the potential effect of iloprost to reduce the need for ICU stay secondary to mitigation of organ failure.

Trial registration: SHINE-TRAUMA trial-EudraCT no. 2019-000936-24-Clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03903939 Ethics Committee no. H-19014482.

Keywords: Iloprost; Trauma; clinical trial; haemorrhagic shock-induced endotheliopathy.

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT03903939