The PHLPP1 N-Terminal Extension Is a Mitotic Cdk1 Substrate and Controls an Interactome Switch

Mol Cell Biol. 2021 Feb 23;41(3):e0033320. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00333-20. Epub 2021 Jan 4.


PH domain leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 1 (PHLPP1) is a tumor suppressor that directly dephosphorylates a wide array of substrates, most notably the prosurvival kinase Akt. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms governing PHLPP1 itself. Here, we report that PHLPP1 is dynamically regulated in a cell cycle-dependent manner and deletion of PHLPP1 results in mitotic delays and increased rates of chromosomal segregation errors. We show that PHLPP1 is hyperphosphorylated during mitosis by Cdk1 in a functionally uncharacterized region known as the PHLPP1 N-terminal extension (NTE). A proximity-dependent biotin identification (BioID) interaction screen revealed that during mitosis, PHLPP1 dissociates from plasma membrane scaffolds, such as Scribble, by a mechanism that depends on its NTE and gains proximity to kinetochore and mitotic spindle proteins such as KNL1 and TPX2. Our data are consistent with a model in which phosphorylation of PHLPP1 during mitosis regulates binding to its mitotic partners and allows accurate progression through mitosis. The finding that PHLPP1 binds mitotic proteins in a cell cycle- and phosphorylation-dependent manner may have relevance to its tumor-suppressive function.

Keywords: Cdk1; PHLPP; mitosis; phosphatase.