Infiltration of plasma cells in colorectal adenocarcinoma associated with autoimmune encephalitis

Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2021 Feb;8(2):498-503. doi: 10.1002/acn3.51283. Epub 2021 Jan 5.


Paraneoplastic autoimmune encephalitis (PAE) represents a group of rare neurological syndromes associated with neoplastic diseases. Here, we report a case that multiple anti-neuronal antibodies were present in a patient with PAE who developed both small cell lung cancer and colorectal adenocarcinoma. Furthermore, the immunopathological investigation of the colorectal adenocarcinoma revealed the formation of abnormal neuronal antigens and a massive infiltration of plasma cells in the tumor tissue. These findings support the hypothesis that expression of neuronal antigens in neoplasm initiates autoimmune responses in PAE.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't