Large airway diseases in pediatrics: a pictorial essay

Acta Radiol Open. 2020 Dec 16;9(12):2058460120972694. doi: 10.1177/2058460120972694. eCollection 2020 Dec.


"Large airway diseases" is being used as an all-encompassing phrase to describe a broad spectrum of pathological entities, which involves the trachea, main, lobar, and segmental bronchi of up to 3 mm diameter. Imaging modalities such as radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging contribute to the identification and diagnosis of each entity. Knowledge of clinical information, normal cross-sectional anatomy, and imaging characteristics of large airway diseases is necessary for appropriate radiologic evaluation. This review provides information about congenital and acquired diseases of the large airways in the pediatric population.

Keywords: CT; Chest; airways; bronchi; pediatric; trachea.