Periventricular/intraventricular haemorrhage and umbilical cord clamping. Findings and hypothesis

S Afr Med J. 1988 Jan 23;73(2):104-6.


The timing of umbilical cord clamping in 38 women with preterm labour was randomly assigned. Ultrasonographic evidence of periventricular/intraventricular haemorrhage (PVH/IVH), assessed blindly, was found in 77% of the group clamped early compared with 35% of those in whom clamping of the cord was delayed for 1 minute. A hypothesis to explain the possible contribution of the haemodynamic events which accompany cord clamping to the development of PVH/IVH is presented.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage / etiology*
  • Constriction
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Pregnancy
  • Random Allocation
  • Time Factors
  • Umbilical Cord / surgery*