A Study on the Current Situation of Prearranged Shelter Management in Japan for Making a Standard Operation Procedure

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Dec 20;17(24):9545. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17249545.


To establish a standard operation procedure (SOP) for shelter management, this research analyzed current situations about shelter management in Japanese local governments, focusing on designation of shelters, operation manager and information sharing. The results indicate that some have non-designated shelters, which might lead to differences of support with designated shelters, local governments ask residents to operate shelters mainly, but this requirement is not shared among them, and system of information sharing is not developed primarily with the department of health and welfare. Besides, this research shows the importance of including the closing and after the closing of the shelters.

Keywords: designated shelters; information sharing; local governments; residents participation; shelters management.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Housing*
  • Japan
  • Reference Standards