DMP-1 promoter-associated antisense strand non-coding RNA, panRNA-DMP-1, physically associates with EGFR to repress EGF-induced squamous cell carcinoma migration

Mol Cell Biochem. 2021 Apr;476(4):1673-1690. doi: 10.1007/s11010-020-04046-5. Epub 2021 Jan 9.


Accumulating evidence suggests that specific non-coding RNAs exist in many types of malignant tissues, and are involved in cancer invasion and metastasis. However, little is known about the precise roles of non-coding RNAs in squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC) invasion and migration. Recently, the dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP-1) gene locus was identified as a transcriptionally active site in squamous cell carcinoma (SQCC) tissue and cells. However, it is unclear whether RNA associated with cell migration exist at the DMP-1 gene locus in SQCC cells. We identified a novel promoter-associated non-coding RNA in the antisense strand of DMP-1 gene locus, promoter-associated non-coding RNA (panRNA)-DMP-1, by the RACE method in SQCC cells and tissues, and characterized the functions of panRNA-DMP-1 in EGF-driven SQCC cell migration. The inhibition of endogenous panRNA-DMP-1 expression by specific siRNAs and exogenous over-expression of panRNA-DMP-1 resulted in increased and suppressed cellular migration toward EGF in SQCC cells, respectively, and nuclear expression of panRNA-DMP-1 was induced by EGF stimulation. Mechanistically, suppression of panRNA-DMP-1 expression increased EGFR nuclear localization upon EGF treatment and nuclear panRNA-DMP-1 physically interacted with EGFR, which was confirmed by RNA immunoprecipitation assay using a bacteriophage-delivered PP7 RNA labeling system. Furthermore, co-immunoprecipitation assay revealed that suppression of panRNA-DMP-1 stabilized EGFR interaction with STAT3, a known co-transcription factors of EGFR, to induce migratory properties in many cancer cells. Based on these findings, panRNA-DMP-1 is an EGFR-associating RNA that inhibits the EGF-induced migratory properties of SQCC possibly by regulating EGFR nuclear localization and EGFR binding to STAT3.

Keywords: Dentin matrix protein-1; EGFR; Migration; Promoter-associated RNA; Squamous cell carcinoma.

MeSH terms

  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell / pathology
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Cell Movement*
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / genetics
  • Epidermal Growth Factor / metabolism*
  • ErbB Receptors / biosynthesis
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / genetics
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Neoplasm Proteins / metabolism*
  • Phosphoproteins / genetics
  • Phosphoproteins / metabolism*
  • RNA, Antisense / genetics
  • RNA, Antisense / metabolism*
  • RNA, Neoplasm / genetics
  • RNA, Neoplasm / metabolism*


  • DMP1 protein, human
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Phosphoproteins
  • RNA, Antisense
  • RNA, Neoplasm
  • Epidermal Growth Factor
  • EGFR protein, human
  • ErbB Receptors