Evaluation of blood flow as a route for propagation in experimental synucleinopathy

Neurobiol Dis. 2021 Mar:150:105255. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2021.105255. Epub 2021 Jan 7.


In Parkinson's disease, synucleinopathy is hypothesized to spread from the enteric nervous system, via the vagus nerve, to the central nervous system. Recent evidences collected in non-human primates challenge however the hypothesis of a transmission of α-synuclein (α-syn) pathology through the vagus nerve. Would the hypothesis whereby the bloodstream acts as a route for long-distance transmission of pathological α-syn hold true, an inter-individual transmission of synucleinopathy could occur via blood contact. Here, we used a parabiosis approach to join the circulatory systems of wild type and GFP transgenic C57BL/6 J mice, for which one of the partners parabiont received a stereotaxic intranigral injection of patient-derived α-syn aggregates. While the Lewy Body-receiving mice exhibited a loss of dopamine neurons and an increase in nigral S129 phosphorylated α-syn immunoreactivity, their parabiotic bloodstream-sharing partners did not show any trend for a lesion or change in S129 phosphorylated-α-syn levels. Altogether, our study suggests that, in the patient-derived α-synuclein aggregates-injected mouse model and within the selected time frame, the disease is not "transmitted" through the bloodstream.

Keywords: Animal model; Lewy body; Parabiosis; Pathology; α-Synuclein.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Lewy Bodies / transplantation*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Neostriatum / pathology*
  • Neurons / pathology*
  • Parabiosis*
  • Protein Aggregates*
  • Protein Aggregation, Pathological / metabolism*
  • Stereotaxic Techniques
  • Substantia Nigra / pathology*
  • alpha-Synuclein / blood
  • alpha-Synuclein / metabolism*


  • Protein Aggregates
  • alpha-Synuclein