Schizophrenia research in India: A scientometric assessmentof India's publications during 1990-2019

Asian J Psychiatr. 2020 Dec 15;56:102521. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102521. Online ahead of print.


The present study examined India's publications (2803) on schizophrenia, using various bibliometric indicators during 1990-2019. The study focuses on the number of publications, and citations received by the papers on schizophrenia, published by authors affiliated to Indian institutes by using Scopus data base. Additionally, an attempt was made to evaluate the performance of India's leading organizations and authors, and inter-collaborative linkages between them. Scopus database include publications of Indian Journal of Psychiatry and Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine from 2009 and 2011. Accordingly, the publications in these journals were included after these years. Analysis of the publications showed that India is globally ranked at 13th position in number of publications on schizophrenia with 2.04 % global share, depicting 14.21 % annual growth, with 22.8 % of publications having international collaboration. Publications from India published during the period of 1990-2019, registered a citation impact per paper (CPP) of 13.3. National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, Bangalore (671 papers), Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (271 papers) and Central Instittue of Psychiatry, Ranchi (136 papers) were the most productive institutes. However, the most impactful organizations in terms of citation per paper (CPP) and relative citation index (RCI), Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (77.27 CPP and 5.78 RCI), Schizophrenia Research Foundation, Chennai (31.16 CPP and 2.55 RCI) and Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi (29.21 CPP and 2.18 RCI) were at the top. In terms of Individual authors, G. Venkatasubramanian (180 papers), and B.N. Gangadhar (162 papers) were the most productive authors and R.Thara (31.87 CPP and 2.38 RCI), B.K. Thelma (24.0 CPP and 1.8 RCI), M.S. Keshavan (23.91 CPP and 1.79 RCI) were the most impactful authors, among the top 15 authors. The journals which reported comparatively higher productivity for Indian publications included Indian Journal of Psychiatry (242 papers), followed by Asian Journal of Psychiatry (214 papers) and Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine (103 papers). In terms of most impactful Indian publications, these were published in The Lancet (97.7), Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry (50) and Schizophrenia Bulletin (44.67).

Keywords: Bibliometrics; Indian publications; Mental disorders; Schizophrenia disorder; Scientometrics.