Revision surgeries for failed hallux valgus correction: A systematic review

Surgeon. 2021 Dec;19(6):e497-e506. doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2020.11.010. Epub 2021 Jan 7.


Background: Failure of hallux valgus (HV) correction is not uncommon, and its management can be challenging. The available literature is not exhaustive. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review to investigate the current evidence on the role of revision surgery for failed HV correction, including clinical presentation, indications, surgical strategies and outcomes.

Material and methods: The present systematic review was performed according to the PRISMA guidelines. Pubmed, EMBASE, Google Scholar and Scopus online databases were accessed in November 2020. All the clinical studies on revision for failed HV correction were analysed, and only studies reporting quantitative data under the outcomes of interest were considered for inclusion.

Results: Data from 20 studies (586 procedures) were retrieved. The HV angle, the intermetatarsal angle and the distal metatarsal articular angle were reduced of 17.8° (P < 0.001), 3.3° (P = 0.05) and 7.3° (P < 0.001) respectively. The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society score improved of 24.7% (P < 0.001). The visual analogue scale improved by 40.8% (P < 0.001). Dorsiflexion and plantar flexion of the first metatarso-phalangeal joint remained similar to their preoperative values (P = 0.2 and P = 0.4, respectively). After revision surgery the following complications were further detected: recurrences 5.1% (30 of 586 patients), non-unions 4.1% (24/586), additional surgical procedures 8.7% (51 of 586 patients).

Conclusion: Revision surgery for failed primary HV correction can yield satisfying results. Accurate preoperative planning is necessary to try and identify the causes of failure, and address them appropriately.

Keywords: Failure; Hallux valgus correction; Non-union; Revision.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Hallux Valgus* / diagnostic imaging
  • Hallux Valgus* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Osteotomy
  • Radiography
  • Reoperation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome