Aims: Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) may coexist and influence each other. However, characteristics, anticoagulant treatment, and outcomes of contemporary AF patients with concurrent HF are ill-defined. This study analyses characteristics, treatment, and 2 year outcomes in newly diagnosed Global Anticoagulant Registry in the FIELD-Atrial Fibrillation (GARFIELD-AF) patients with vs. without HF.
Methods and results: GARFIELD-AF is the world's largest observational AF patient study. At enrolment, 11 758 of 52 072 patients (22.6%) had HF; 76.3% were New York Heart Association class II-III. Patients with HF had comparable demographics, blood pressure, and heart rate but more likely had permanent (15.6% vs. 11.9%) or persistent AF (18.9% vs. 13.8%), acute coronary syndromes (16.7% vs. 8.9%), vascular disease (40.8% vs. 20.2%), and moderate-to-severe chronic kidney disease (14.6% vs. 9.0%) than those without. Anticoagulant prescription was similar between the two groups. At 2 year follow-up, patients with HF showed a greater risk of all-cause mortality [hazard ratio (HR), 2.06; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.91-2.21; P < 0.0001], cardiovascular mortality (HR, 2.91; 95% CI, 2.58-3.29; P < 0.0001), acute coronary syndromes (HR, 1.25; 95% CI, 1.02-1.52; P = 0.03), and stroke/systemic embolism (HR, 1.24; 95% CI, 1.07-1.43; P = 0.0044). Major bleeding rate was comparable (adjusted HR, 1.00; 95% CI, 0.84-1.18; P = 0.968). Among patients without HF at baseline, incidence of new HF was low [0.69 (95% CI, 0.63-0.75) per 100 person-years], whereas propensity to develop worsening HF was higher in those with HF [1.62 (95% CI, 1.45-1.80) per 100 person-years].
Conclusions: Patients with AF and HF have a high risk of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality and stroke/systemic embolism and may develop worsening HF.
Keywords: Anticoagulant; Atrial fibrillation; GARFIELD-AF; Heart failure; Stroke.
© 2021 The Authors. ESC Heart Failure published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of European Society of Cardiology.