Diagnostic genetic testing for neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders: closing the gap between recommendation and clinical implementation

Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2021 Jun;68:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.gde.2020.12.016. Epub 2021 Jan 9.

Abstract

Advances in laboratory testing have significantly increased the detection of rare genetic etiologies of neurodevelopmental psychiatric disorders (NPD), particularly developmental delay/ intellectual disability, autism spectrum disorder, and schizophrenia. Establishing a genetic diagnosis has important medical and personal utility for individuals with these conditions. Diagnostic genetic tests for NPD are clinically available but underutilized outside of medical genetics settings. Without clear multidisciplinary consensus recommendations, active involvement of medical specialists working with NPD patients, and practical education and training, the implementation of genetic testing for NPD will continue to lag behind other areas of medicine. In the long-term, collaborative efforts to address educational, logistical, and workforce obstacles will improve patient care and pave the way for targeted, effective NPD treatments.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural