Familial aggregation of renal calcium stone disease

J Urol. 1988 Mar;139(3):478-81. doi: 10.1016/s0022-5347(17)42497-9.


The question of a familial predisposition towards stone formation in primary nephrolithiasis has not been explored completely. In a sample of 214 calcium stone patients, and 428 age and sex-matched controls we observed a higher frequency of stones among the first degree relatives of stone patients compared to the relatives of controls. A family history of renal stones was more common among the female (45 per cent) than among the male patients (31 per cent). There was no relationship between family history of renal stones, and abnormal calcium and oxalate excretion rates. A significant association between a family history and a higher urinary pH was observed among the female calcium stone patients. A genetic defect in urinary acidification with variable expressivity might be associated with a high frequency of stone formation. Moreover, uric acid excretion was higher in male stone patients with a family history of stones. Finally, the parents and siblings of the renal stone patients were affected more by calculi than were the corresponding relatives of their spouses.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Calcium / analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Kidney Calculi / epidemiology
  • Kidney Calculi / genetics*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Sex Factors


  • Calcium