Prospective observational study estimating willingness-to-pay for breast cancer treatments through contingent valuation method in Japanese breast cancer patients (JCOG1709A)

Jpn J Clin Oncol. 2021 Mar 3;51(3):498-503. doi: 10.1093/jjco/hyaa241.


In April 2016, the Japanese government introduced health technology assessment as a response to rising medical expenses due to 'medical innovation'. This study investigates how Japanese breast cancer patients who received treatment in Japan consider the financial value (willingness-to-pay; WTP) for their life and health by using the contingent valuation method (CVM) prospectively. First, 168 patients (84 primary breast cancer patients and 84 metastatic breast cancer patients) were pre-examined their WTP with dichotomous-choice method survey form. Next, 1,596 patients (798 primary breast cancer patients and 798 metastatic breast cancer patients) will be surveyed to their WTP for hypothetical scenarios in CVM. Based on our results, we will construct an evaluation axis from the patients' viewpoint for the cost-effectiveness of clinical trials to establish standard treatments for breast cancer. We believe this research can contribute to create a meaningful healthcare system for patients, clinicians, industries, and healthcare policymakers.

Keywords: Japanese; breast cancer treatment; contingent valuation method; willingness-to-pay.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Breast Neoplasms / economics*
  • Breast Neoplasms / therapy*
  • Cost-Benefit Analysis
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Japan
  • Middle Aged
  • Probability
  • Prospective Studies
  • Surveys and Questionnaires