Introduction: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a known complication of patients with diabetes mellitus. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients admitted with a diagnosis of DKA with, and without, diastolic heart failure (DHF).
Methods: This was a population-based, retrospective, observational study using data from the National Inpatient Sample database for the years 2016 and 2017. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Secondary outcomes were rates of sepsis, non-ST elevation myocardial infarctions (NSTEMI), acute kidney failure, acute respiratory failure (ARF), deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, mean length of hospital stay (LOS) and total hospital charges (THC).
Results: There was no statistically significant difference for the adjusted odds for in-hospital mortality between patients with and without DHF (adjusted odds ratio [aOR]: 0.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.28-1.08, p = 0.081). Patients with DKA and DHF had increased odds of developing an NSTEMI (aOR: 1.31, 95% CI: 1.01-1.70, p = 0.045) or ARF (aOR: 1.82, 95% CI: 1.38-2.40, p < 0.001) during the same admission compared to patients without DHF. Patients with DKA and DHF also had an increased mean THC (6500 CI: 1900-11,200, p = 0.0006) in US dollars and increased LOS (0.7, 95% CI: 0.2-1.3, p = 0.011) in days when compared to patients without DHF.
Conclusions: Patients with DKA showed no statistically significant difference in mortality if they did or did not have a secondary diagnosis of DHF within the same admission.
Keywords: cardiovascular diseases; diabetes mellitus; diabetic ketoacidosis; diastolic heart failure; mortality.
© 2021 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.