Incidence of dyslipidemia in people with HIV who are treated with integrase inhibitors versus other antiretroviral agents

AIDS. 2021 May 1;35(6):869-882. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002811.


Objective: To compare the incidence of dyslipidemia in people with HIV receiving integrase inhibitors (INSTI) versus boosted protease inhibitors (PI/b) and nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTI) within RESPOND consortium of prospective cohorts.

Methods: Participants were eligible if they were at least 18 years, without dyslipidemia and initiated or switched to a three-drug antiretroviral therapy (ART)-regimen consisting of either INSTI, NNRTI, or PI/b for the first time, between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2018. Dyslipidemia was defined as random total cholesterol more than 240 mg/dl, HDL less than 35 mg/dl, triglyceride more than 200 mg/dl, or initiation of lipid-lowering therapy. Poisson regression was used to determine the adjusted incidence rate ratios. Follow-up was censored after 3 years or upon ART-regimen discontinuation or last lipid measurement or 31 December 2019, whichever occurred first.

Results: Overall, 4577 people with HIV were eligible (INSTI = 66.9%, PI/b = 12.5%, and NNRTI = 20.6%), 1938 (42.3%) of whom were ART-naive. During 1.7 (interquartile range, 0.6-3.0) median years of follow-up, 1460 participants developed dyslipidemia [incidence rate: 191.6 per 1000 person-years, 95% confidence interval (CI) 182.0-201.7]. Participants taking INSTI had a lower incidence of dyslipidemia compared with those on PI/b (adjusted incidence rate ratio 0.71; CI 0.59-0.85), but higher rate compared with those on NNRTI (1.35; CI 1.15-1.58). Compared with dolutegravir, the incidence of dyslipidemia was higher with elvitegravir/cobicistat (1.20; CI 1.00-1.43) and raltegravir (1.24; CI 1.02-1.51), but lower with rilpivirine (0.77; CI 0.63-0.94).

Conclusion: In this large consortium of heterogeneous cohorts, dyslipidemia was less common with INSTI than with PI/b. Compared with dolutegravir, dyslipidemia was more common with elvitegravir/cobicistat and raltegravir, but less common with rilpivirine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-HIV Agents* / therapeutic use
  • Anti-Retroviral Agents / adverse effects
  • Dyslipidemias* / chemically induced
  • Dyslipidemias* / drug therapy
  • Dyslipidemias* / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections* / complications
  • HIV Infections* / drug therapy
  • HIV Integrase Inhibitors* / adverse effects
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Prospective Studies
  • Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors / therapeutic use


  • Anti-HIV Agents
  • Anti-Retroviral Agents
  • HIV Integrase Inhibitors
  • Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors