The impact of delayed surgical intervention following high velocity maxillofacial injuries

Sci Rep. 2021 Jan 14;11(1):1379. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-80973-7.


Our study compares the number of postoperative complications of Syrian patients admitted to the Galilee Medical Center (GMC) over a 5-year period (May 2013-May 2018) for treatment after initial high-velocity maxillofacial injuries sustained during the Syrian civil war. Specifically, we evaluated complication rates of patients arriving "early," within 24 h, to the GMC versus those who arrived "late," or 14-28 days following high-velocity maxillofacial injuries. Both groups of patients received definitive surgical treatment within 48 h of admission to our hospital with a total of 60 patients included in this study. The mean age was 26 ± 8 years (range: 9-50) and all except one were male. Postoperative complications in the early group were found to be significantly higher compared to the delayed arrival group (p = 0.006). We found that unintentionally delayed treatment may have contributed to a critical revascularization period resulting in improved healing and decreased postoperative morbidity and complications. We discuss potential mechanisms for complication rate variations, including critical vascularization periods. Our study may add to a growing body of work demonstrating the potential benefit of delayed surgical treatment for high-velocity maxillofacial injuries.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Length of Stay*
  • Male
  • Maxillofacial Injuries / diagnostic imaging
  • Maxillofacial Injuries / surgery*
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Time-to-Treatment*