Anesthesia Simulation Boot Camp-a Decade of Experience Enhancing Self-efficacy in First-year Residents

J Educ Perioper Med. 2020 Oct 1;22(4):E653. doi: 10.46374/volxxii-issue4-schiavi. eCollection Oct-Dec 2020.

Abstract

Background: Novice anesthesiology residents must acquire new technical, cognitive, and behavioral skills as they transition into the high-stakes perioperative environment. Simulation-based education improves procedural skill and behavior, and it permits deliberate practice with feedback; exposure to uncommon, high-consequence events; assessment; reproducibility; and zero risk to patients. We introduced a 5-day, high-fidelity Simulation Boot Camp (SBC) in 2006 for first-year clinical anesthesia residents (CA-1s) and report over a decade of experience assessing its impact on self-efficacy, value, feasibility, and sustainability.

Methods: All CA-1s in our residency program participated in the SBC as part of orientation. Participants completed 2 individual high-fidelity simulations per day, each with a private debriefing session from an attending anesthesiologist in our simulation center. We measured their self-reported confidence, which we report as self-efficacy (SE), the belief in one's own ability to successfully execute a skill or behavior necessary for a desired outcome, for 25 basic anesthesia skills before and after course completion. Participants also completed a postcourse evaluation.

Results: Of the 281 CA-1s who participated in the course from 2006 to 2016, we collected data on 267 (95%). SE improved over the course of SBC for all 25 individual skills (P < .001) and remained stable over the decade-long period of study. Univariate analysis revealed a strong association between increased SE and male sex (P < .001), video gaming experience (P < .001), and completion of a prior residency (P = .018). Males were also more likely to report video gaming experience (P < .001). Multivariable analysis revealed that although women had lower SE than did men, they had a greater increase in SE attributed to participation in SBC (P = .041). Participants strongly agreed SBC was a realistic and nonjudgmental learning tool, built confidence, and should be mandatory. Most comments were positive, reflecting overall satisfaction with SBC.

Conclusions: SBC increases SE, is feasible, valuable to participants, and sustainable with remarkably consistency over the study period.

Keywords: Anesthesiology residency; graduate medical education; self-efficacy; simulation; simulation boot camp.