Mucolipidosis type IV is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by bi-allelic pathogenic variants in the gene MCOLN1. This encodes for mucolipin-1 (ML1), an endo-lysosomal transmembrane Ca++ channel involved in vesicular trafficking. Although experimental models suggest that defects in mucolipin-1 can cause muscular dystrophy, putatively due to defective lysosomal-mediated sarcolemma repair, the role of mucolipin-1 in human muscle is still poorly deciphered. Elevation of creatine kinase (CK) had been reported in a few cases in the past but comprehensive descriptions of muscle pathology are lacking. Here we report a 7-year-old boy who underwent muscle biopsy due to persistently elevated CK levels (780-15,000 UI/L). Muscle pathology revealed features of a lysosomal storage myopathy with mild regenerative changes. Next generation sequencing confirmed homozygous nonsense variants in MCOLN1. This is a comprehensive pathological description of ML1-related myopathy, supporting the role of mucolipin-1 in muscle homoeostasis.
Keywords: Lysosome; Mucolipidosis IV; Mucolipin-1; Myopathy; Sarcolemma repair.
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