Illegal Wildlife Trade: A Gateway to Zoonotic Infectious Diseases

Trends Parasitol. 2021 Mar;37(3):181-184. doi: 10.1016/ Epub 2021 Jan 13.


The illegal wildlife trade (IWT) is a criminal practice bringing several ecological and public health consequences, such as the spreading of zoonotic pathogens and/or the introduction of exotic species of animals into new geographical areas. Here, we discuss potential risks of IWT on the spreading and emergence of zoonotic pathogens.

Keywords: bacteria; illegal trade; parasites; viruses; wildlife; zoonoses.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Animals, Exotic*
  • Animals, Wild*
  • Commerce / ethics
  • Commerce / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Communicable Diseases / transmission*
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / transmission*
  • Humans
  • Zoonoses / transmission*