Time- and Temperature-Dependent Luminescence of Manganese Ions in Ceramic Magnesium Aluminum Spinels

Materials (Basel). 2021 Jan 16;14(2):420. doi: 10.3390/ma14020420.


Samples of magnesium aluminum spinel ceramics doped with manganese ions were prepared by a high-temperature solid-state reaction method; their potential as red-emitting phosphors was analyzed using a time-resolved luminescence spectroscopy technique, from room temperature to 10 K. It was found that in the red spectral range, the luminescence spectra of manganese ions in the MgAl2O4 spinel showed a narrow band peaking at 651 nm due to the emission of Mn4+ and a broader emission band in the region of 675 ÷ 720 nm; the ratio of intensities for these bands depends on the synthesis conditions. By applying a special multi-step annealing procedure, the MgAl2O4:Mn4+ phosphor containing only tetravalent manganese ions, Mn4+, was synthesized. Broad-band far-red emission observed from MgAl2O4:Mn and Mg1.25Al1.75O3.75F0.25:Mn phosphors, prepared by a conventional method of a solid-state reaction, was interpreted as coming from Mn3+ ions.

Keywords: ceramics; phosphor-converted LED; photoluminescence; red-emitting Mn4+ phosphors; spinel; time-resolved spectroscopy.