A series of tertiary and quaternary analogues (acyclic imides, sulfonimides, N-acetyl sulfonamides, and trifluoroacetamides) of the selective partial muscarinic agonist N-methyl-N-(1-methyl-4-pyrrolidino-2-butynyl)acetamide (BM 5,35) was synthesized. The compounds were found to be muscarinic agonists, partial agonists, or antagonists in the isolated guinea pig ileum. Replacement of the acetyl group or the N-methyl group of 35 and its analogues by a methanesulfonyl group abolished efficacy and decreased affinity at ileal muscarinic receptors. Trifluoroacetamide analogues of 35 also had lower affinity and efficacy than 35. Substitution of an acetyl group for the N-methyl group in compounds related to 35 decreased efficacy, but had no appreciable effect on affinity. Most of the tertiary amines showed central antimuscarinic activity as they antagonized oxotremorine-induced tremors in mice.