Managing Asthma and Obesity Related Symptoms (MATADORS): An mHealth Intervention to Facilitate Symptom Self-Management among Youth

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020 Oct 23;17(21):7750. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17217750.


Youth with multi-morbidity (one or more chronic diseases) are at increased risk of further morbidity and early mortality as they enter their adult years. Recent increases in both asthma and obesity among youth have led to high health care utilization, increased health related complications, and expanded risks of subsequent cardiovascular disease burden. Common symptoms seen with asthma and obesity include fatigue, pain, depression, and anxiety. These symptoms can result in decreased physical activity, social isolation, and poor quality of life, which also may contribute to increased morbidity and mortality over time. Youth ages 10-17 are in a transitionary period where their overall health and disease management shifts from one of parental oversight to one where the youth gradually experience increased autonomy over their health and care management. Managing Asthma and Obesity Related Symptoms (MATADORS), is a mHealth technology-enhanced nurse-guided intervention that incorporates a novel mobile health application and motivational enhancement principles within a behavioral activation framework. Providing high-risk youth with strategies to enhance symptom self-management may result in decreased symptom prevalence, improved quality of life, and long-term reduction of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality as they move into adulthood. Moreover, developing low-cost, scalable tools with end-user input may facilitate promote early intervention and improved access to care, and reduce overall disease burden and healthcare costs.

Keywords: anxiety; asthma; depression; fatigue; mobile health; motivational enhancement; obesity; pain; self-management; symptom; youth.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Asthma / epidemiology
  • Asthma / therapy*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Obesity / therapy*
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Self-Management / methods*
  • Telemedicine*