Systematic review and meta-analysis of the incidence of recurrence of spontaneous coronary artery dissection

Coron Artery Dis. 2021 Nov 1;32(7):650-657. doi: 10.1097/MCA.0000000000001015.


Aim: Recurrence is a well-established complication of spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD). However, the exact incidence and correlates of recurrence are unknown. We, therefore, performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine and consolidate the evidence on the global incidence of SCAD recurrence.

Methods: A comprehensive search of the four major databases (EMBASE, OVID Medline, PubMed and Google Scholar) was performed from their inception to 17 January 2019. We included original research studies, recruiting ≥10 participants, with ≥12 months follow-up that reported data on recurrence in patients with SCAD.

Results: Out of 556 studies searched, 19 cohorts (1538 SCAD patients) were included in the analysis. There were 153 cases of de novo recurrence over a mean follow-up period of 31.2 months (95% confidence interval, 25-41 months). Type 1, 2 and 3 SCAD was noted in 33.2, 73.2 and 5.3%, respectively. The involved coronary artery was LMCA, LAD, RCA, LCx and multi-vessel CAD respectively in 3.5%, 53.4%, 19.8%, 20.4% and 12.6% of cases. The overall SCAD de novo recurrence was 7% (ES 0.07, 95% confidence interval, 0.04-0.10, I2 = 65.3%). On meta-regression, we found discharge medications at index admission, including β-blockers, ACE inhibitors, statins, as well as baseline cardiac risk factors, did not correlate with recurrence.

Conclusion: SCAD recurrence is common, occurring in 7% of patients over medium-term follow up. No specific medications at discharge were found to reduce recurrence. Further long-term and prospective data are required.

Publication types

  • Meta-Analysis
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Coronary Vessel Anomalies / diagnosis*
  • Coronary Vessel Anomalies / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence*
  • Recurrence*
  • Risk Factors
  • Vascular Diseases / congenital*
  • Vascular Diseases / diagnosis
  • Vascular Diseases / epidemiology

Supplementary concepts

  • Coronary Artery Dissection, Spontaneous