The Correlation Between Metabolic Disorders And Tpoab/Tgab: A Cross-Sectional Population-Based Study

Endocr Pract. 2020 Aug;26(8):869-882. doi: 10.4158/EP-2020-0008.


Objective: Studies have shown that metabolic abnormalities influence the immune system. Because the prevalence of metabolic and autoimmune thyroid diseases has increased synchronously, the correlation between them was worth exploring. The study objective was to investigate the relationship between metabolic disorders and thyroid auto-antibodies in euthyroid subjects.

Methods: Data were obtained from the Thyroid Diseases and Diabetes Mellitus project survey of 55,891 subjects from 31 provinces in China. The body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), blood pressure, thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAbs), thyroglobulin antibodies (TgAbs), thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), urinary iodine concentration, blood glucose, lipid profile, and uric acid levels were evaluated. Free thyroxine and free triiodothyronine levels were measured in patients with abnormal serum TSH levels.

Results: In males, the BMI, WC, systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and 2-hour post-glucose oral glucose tolerance test results of the TPOAb-/TgAb-positive group were significantly higher than those of the TPOAb-/TgAb-negative group. In females, the BMI, WC, SBP, DBP, total cholesterol, and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in the TPOAb-/TgAb-positive group were significantly increased compared to the TPOAb-/TgAb-negative group. Multivariate analysis showed that in males, the odds ratio (OR) of positive TgAbs in the abdominal obesity group was 1.175 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.016 to 1.359; P = .03), and the OR of positive TPOAbs in the hyperuricemia group was 1.195 (95% CI, 1.041 to 1.372; P = .011). In females, the OR of positive TgAbs was 1.19 (95% CI, 1.068 to 1.326; P = .002) in the high LDL-C group.

Conclusion: Obesity, high LDL-C, and hyperuricemia were positively correlated with the prevalence of positive thyroid autoantibodies in euthyroid subjects in a gender-dependent manner. This cross-sectional survey showed that metabolic disorders are associated with increased positive thyroid autoantibody levels in euthyroid subjects in a gender-dependent manner.

Abbreviations: AIT = autoimmune thyroiditis; BMI = body mass index; CI = confidence interval; DBP = diastolic blood pressure; FPG = fasting plasma glucose; FT3 = free triiodothyronine; FT4 = free thyroxine; HbA1c = glycated hemoglobin; HDL-C = high-density-lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C = low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol; OGTT2hPG = oral glucose tolerance test 2-hours post-glucose; OR = odds ratio; SBP = systolic blood pressure; TC = total cholesterol; TG = triglycerides; TgAb = thyroglobulin antibody; TPOAb = thyroid peroxidase antibody; TSH = thyroid-stimulating hormone; UA = uric acid; WC = waist circumference.

MeSH terms

  • Autoantibodies
  • China / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Metabolic Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Thyroid Function Tests
  • Thyrotropin*


  • Autoantibodies
  • Thyrotropin