Using Textbook Outcomes to benchmark practice in pancreatic surgery

ANZ J Surg. 2021 Mar;91(3):361-366. doi: 10.1111/ans.16555. Epub 2021 Jan 21.


Background: Textbook Outcome (TO) is a novel composite measure of clinical outcomes that can be used to measure the quality of surgical outcomes. TOs for pancreatic surgery were published by the Dutch Pancreatic Cancer Group (DPCG) in 2020. The aim of this study was to explore how a medium volume hepatopancreaticobiliary unit could use TO to benchmark local outcomes following pancreatic surgery.

Methods: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data from patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) or distal pancreatectomy (DP) for all indications between March 2005 and February 2020 at Christchurch Hospital (CH). Analysis of TO items as defined by the DPCG was performed and compared to nationwide Dutch outcomes (2014-2017), including cumulative analysis using CuSum.

Results: In total, 273 patients were included (median age 63 years; 51% female) of which 182 (67%) underwent PD and 91 (33%) underwent DP (median annual volume 12 PDs/6 DPs). Overall, 58% of patients undergoing PD and 74% of patients undergoing DP achieved TO, compared with 58% and 67%, P = 0.944 and P = 0.231, respectively, for the Netherlands (median annual volume 33 PDs/8 DPs per hospital).

Conclusions: TO offers a useful quality measure to benchmark local outcomes following pancreatic surgery against an external nationwide analysis. The results show that as a medium volume centre performance was comparable to previously published Dutch results, which included high volume centres. Applying CuSum methodology to the TO metric allows a continuous measure of performance. This offers the potential to provide feedback for quality improvement strategies.

Keywords: Textbook Outcome; benchmark; pancreatic surgery; quality improvement.

MeSH terms

  • Benchmarking*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Pancreatectomy
  • Pancreatic Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Treatment Outcome