Pediatric Obturator Internus Muscle Myxoma

J Am Acad Orthop Surg Glob Res Rev. 2021 Jan 19;5(1):e20.00099. doi: 10.5435/JAAOSGlobal-D-20-00099.


Intramuscular myxoma is a rare benign tumor that presents as a slow-growing, deeply seated mass confined within a skeletal muscle. Histologically, these lesions most resemble umbilical cord tissue. They mostly occur in people between 40 and 70 years old, with a 57% female predilection. These tumors are very rare in children. Only one pediatric intramuscular myxoma case is reported in the literature. The goal of this study is to report the case of a 13-year-old girl who presented to our hospital emergency department in 2018 with right hip pain, elevated inflammatory markers, and fever; her initial differential diagnosis was hip septic arthritis, pelvic osteomyelitis, and pelvic abscess. A pelvic MRI revealed a well-defined enhancing round lesion in the right obturator internus muscle. The diagnosis was conformed with a CT-guided core biopsy. The patient's symptoms improved with conservative management, and she continues to be doing well 2 years later. Pediatric pelvic intramuscular myxomas are extremely rare; however, they can have a presentation that mimic a more serious condition such as hip septic arthritis, pelvic osteomyelitis, and pelvic abscess and should be considered in the differential diagnosis in a pediatric patient presenting with hip pain.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Abscess / diagnosis
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Child
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle, Skeletal / diagnostic imaging
  • Myxoma* / diagnosis
  • Thigh*