Effect of temperature on transovarial transmission of Babesia bigemina (Smith and Kilborne, 1893) in Boophilus annulatus (Say, 1821)

Vet Parasitol. 1988 Jan;26(3-4):229-35. doi: 10.1016/0304-4017(88)90091-x.


The effect of the temperature on the transovarial passage of Babesia bigemina has been studied in female Boophilus annulatus during their oviposition. Kinetes of Babesia were present in eggs laid at the temperatures of 16, 20, 26, 28, 30 and 35 degrees C. The rate of infection was temperature dependent. It reached at least 50%, even at low temperatures. The average infection level at 26 and 30 degrees C was 270 kinetes per egg. However, between 20 and 35 degrees C the eggs laid during the first 3 days were parasite free. At 16 degrees C, no kinetes were detected during the first 13 days of oviposition.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Babesia / isolation & purification
  • Babesia / physiology*
  • Female
  • Host-Parasite Interactions
  • Ovum / parasitology
  • Temperature
  • Ticks / parasitology*