Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome mimicking Sjögren's syndrome and systemic lupus erythematosus

Arthritis Rheum. 1988 Feb;31(2):272-5. doi: 10.1002/art.1780310216.


We describe a patient in whom the diagnosis of transfusion-associated acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was delayed because her clinical symptoms were similar to those of systemic lupus erythematosus and Sjögren's syndrome and because of a false-negative result on a Western blot test for human immunodeficiency virus. The importance of using different diagnostic tests for AIDS and the pitfalls in diagnosing AIDS in patients who appear to have connective tissue disease are discussed.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / diagnosis*
  • Adult
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • False Negative Reactions
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoassay
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / diagnosis*
  • Sjogren's Syndrome / diagnosis*