Leveraging Vaccines to Reduce Antibiotic Use and Prevent Antimicrobial Resistance: A World Health Organization Action Framework

Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Aug 16;73(4):e1011-e1017. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciab062.


This Action Framework identifies priority actions to prevent antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) through expanding the use of licensed vaccines, developing new vaccines that contribute to the prevention and control of AMR, and expanding knowledge about the impact of vaccines on AMR.

Keywords: AMR; WHO; vaccines.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
  • Antimicrobial Stewardship*
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial
  • Humans
  • Vaccines*
  • World Health Organization


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Vaccines