Relationship between deep-vein thrombosis in the calf and fatal pulmonary embolism

Can J Surg. 1988 Mar;31(2):129-30.


Deep-vein thrombosis of the lower limb is common, yet the importance of isolated calf deep-vein thrombosis is poorly understood and the treatment is controversial. This retrospective study documented that 13% of fatal pulmonary emboli originated only from calf deep-vein thrombosis. This rate is similar to that in another study (15%), suggesting that isolated calf deep-vein thromboses do produce fatal pulmonary emboli.

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Pulmonary Embolism / etiology*
  • Pulmonary Embolism / mortality
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Thrombophlebitis / complications*