Anopheles stephensi Mosquitoes as Vectors of Plasmodium vivax and falciparum, Horn of Africa, 2019

Emerg Infect Dis. 2021 Feb;27(2):603-607. doi: 10.3201/eid2702.200019.


Anopheles stephensi mosquitoes, efficient vectors in parts of Asia and Africa, were found in 75.3% of water sources surveyed and contributed to 80.9% of wild-caught Anopheles mosquitoes in Awash Sebat Kilo, Ethiopia. High susceptibility of these mosquitoes to Plasmodium falciparum and vivax infection presents a challenge for malaria control in the Horn of Africa.

Keywords: Anopheles stephensi; Horn of Africa; Plasmodium falciparum; Plasmodium vivax; emerging; membrane feeding; mosquitoes; outbreak; parasites; transmission; urban malaria; vector competence.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Anopheles*
  • Asia
  • Ethiopia
  • Mosquito Vectors
  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Plasmodium vivax*