Specifications of the variant curation guidelines for ITGA2B/ITGB3: ClinGen Platelet Disorder Variant Curation Panel

Blood Adv. 2021 Jan 26;5(2):414-431. doi: 10.1182/bloodadvances.2020003712.


Accurate and consistent sequence variant interpretation is critical to the correct diagnosis and appropriate clinical management and counseling of patients with inherited genetic disorders. To minimize discrepancies in variant curation and classification among different clinical laboratories, the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG), along with the Association for Molecular Pathology (AMP), published standards and guidelines for the interpretation of sequence variants in 2015. Because the rules are not universally applicable to different genes or disorders, the Clinical Genome Resource (ClinGen) Platelet Disorder Expert Panel (PD-EP) has been tasked to make ACMG/AMP rule specifications for inherited platelet disorders. ITGA2B and ITGB3, the genes underlying autosomal recessive Glanzmann thrombasthenia (GT), were selected as the pilot genes for specification. Eight types of evidence covering clinical phenotype, functional data, and computational/population data were evaluated in the context of GT by the ClinGen PD-EP. The preliminary specifications were validated with 70 pilot ITGA2B/ITGB3 variants and further refined. In the final adapted criteria, gene- or disease-based specifications were made to 16 rules, including 7 with adjustable strength; no modification was made to 5 rules; and 7 rules were deemed not applicable to GT. Employing the GT-specific ACMG/AMP criteria to the pilot variants resulted in a reduction of variants classified with unknown significance from 29% to 20%. The overall concordance with the initial expert assertions was 71%. These adapted criteria will serve as guidelines for GT-related variant interpretation to increase specificity and consistency across laboratories and allow for better clinical integration of genetic knowledge into patient care.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Genetic Testing*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Genome, Human*
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Integrin alpha2 / genetics
  • Integrin beta3 / genetics
  • Phenotype
  • United States


  • ITGA2B protein, human
  • ITGB3 protein, human
  • Integrin alpha2
  • Integrin beta3