Awareness and Attitudes Toward HIV Self-Testing in Northern Thailand

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021 Jan 20;18(3):852. doi: 10.3390/ijerph18030852.


Human Immunodeficiency Virus self-testing (HIVST) was recently introduced in Thailand, but little is known about receptivity among its residents. Because Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) testing is a critical component of HIV prevention, it is important to understand how HIVST is perceived among potential users. The purpose of this study was to examine awareness and attitudes toward HIVST among adults in Northern Thailand. A convenience sample of 403 adult residents of the Sanpatong district, Chiang Mai Province, was interviewed using a structured questionnaire in 2019. Awareness of HIVST was low (14%), as was the overall HIVST negative attitude score (6.44; possible range of 0-14). The odds of being aware of HIVST were more than twice as high for those with more education compared to those with less (AOR = 2.29, 95% CI: 1.22-4.30), and roughly half as high for those who expressed HIV stigma compared to those who did not (AOR = 0.49, 95% CI: 0.26-0.91). Holding negative attitudes towards HIVST also was associated with lower education and expressing HIV stigma, but these relationships disappeared in multivariate analysis. Findings may be used by local health organizations to tailor HIVST education efforts.

Keywords: HIV; HIV self-testing; Thailand; attitudes; stigma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Attitude
  • HIV Infections* / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Mass Screening*
  • Self-Testing
  • Thailand