A ClearSee-Based Clearing Protocol for 3D Visualization of Arabidopsis thaliana Embryos

Plants (Basel). 2021 Jan 20;10(2):190. doi: 10.3390/plants10020190.


Tissue clearing methods combined with confocal microscopy have been widely used for studying developmental biology. In plants, ClearSee is a reliable clearing method that is applicable to a wide range of tissues and is suitable for gene expression analysis using fluorescent reporters, but its application to the Arabidopsis thaliana embryo, a model system to study morphogenesis and pattern formation, has not been described in the original literature. Here, we describe a ClearSee-based clearing protocol which is suitable for obtaining 3D images of Arabidopsis thaliana embryos. The method consists of embryo dissection, fixation, washing, clearing, and cell wall staining and enables high-quality 3D imaging of embryo morphology and expression of fluorescent reporters with the cellular resolution. Our protocol provides a reliable method that is applicable to the analysis of morphogenesis and gene expression patterns in Arabidopsis thaliana embryos.

Keywords: 3D imaging; Arabidopsis thaliana; GFP; cell wall staining; clearing; confocal microscopy; embryo; fluorescent reporter.